Why Are Children Still Subjected to Labor and Early Marriage?

  • Editology
  • Nov 03, 2023

Exploring Persistent Human Rights Violations: Discrimination, Freedom, and Justice. 


Discrimination and Inequality

Discrimination and inequality are pervasive issues that continue to afflict societies worldwide, violating fundamental principles of human rights and social justice. Discrimination encompasses various forms, such as racial, gender, ethnic, and religious discrimination, perpetuating unequal treatment and access to opportunities. Inequality, whether economic, social, or educational, deepens disparities in living standards, opportunities, and well-being among individuals and communities. These issues are interconnected, as discrimination often catalyzes inequality. Addressing discrimination and inequality requires a multifaceted approach that challenges stereotypes, dismantles systemic biases, and advocates for the protection and promotion of human rights, ultimately fostering more inclusive, equitable, and just societies.

Discrimination Based on Race and Ethnicity

Racial and ethnic discrimination is a deeply ingrained human rights violation that continues to plague societies across the globe. This pervasive issue stems from deeply rooted prejudices, stereotypes, and unequal power dynamics that have historical and contemporary manifestations. Individuals from marginalized racial and ethnic backgrounds often find themselves subjected to systemic bias, unequal treatment, and the denial of basic human rights.

One of the most prominent forms of racial discrimination is racial profiling, a practice where individuals are singled out for scrutiny by law enforcement or other authorities solely based on their racial or ethnic identity. This often leads to unjust targeting, harassment, and even violence, infringing upon individuals’ rights to liberty and security. Racial profiling not only undermines personal dignity but also erodes trust between marginalized communities and the institutions that are meant to protect them.

Unequal access to education and healthcare is another dimension of racial discrimination. Disparities in educational resources and opportunities can trap individuals in cycles of poverty and limit their life prospects. Similarly, unequal access to healthcare can have life-threatening consequences, as marginalized communities often face inadequate medical services and higher health risks. These disparities perpetuate inequality and further exacerbate social divisions, as they impede access to fundamental rights such as education and the highest attainable standard of health.

In the realm of employment, racial and ethnic discrimination manifests as disparities in hiring, promotion, and compensation. These disparities hinder career advancement for individuals from marginalized backgrounds and reinforce economic inequality. Discrimination in the workplace infringes upon the right to work under just and favorable conditions, as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

In essence, racial and ethnic discrimination represents a stark violation of the principles of equality and non-discrimination that underpin human rights. It undermines the inherent dignity of individuals and perpetuates social and economic disparities, ultimately hindering the realization of a just and equitable society. Addressing racial and ethnic discrimination requires a concerted effort to challenge stereotypes, dismantle systemic biases, and promote equal opportunities for all, regardless of their racial or ethnic identity.

Gender-Based Discrimination and Violence

Gender-based discrimination is another significant human rights violation. Women and gender minorities often experience discrimination in various spheres of life, including the workplace, politics, and even within their own households. Gender-based violence, including domestic violence and sexual harassment, is a grave violation of human rights. These abuses are often rooted in deep-seated social norms and stereotypes that perpetuate inequality. Addressing gender-based discrimination and violence is essential to upholding the principles of gender equality and human rights.

Violations of Freedom of Expression and Press Freedom

Censorship and Suppression of Dissent

Freedom of expression is a fundamental human right, allowing individuals to voice their opinions, ideas, and concerns. When governments or non-state actors censor or suppress dissent, it is a severe violation of this right. Journalists, activists, and citizens who criticize the authorities may face imprisonment, violence, or harassment. Censorship of media and online platforms further restricts access to information and hinders open dialogue, impinging on the democratic principles of a free and informed society.

Threats to Press Freedom

Press freedom is closely linked to freedom of expression. When governments or other entities curtail the independence of the press, it restricts access to diverse and unbiased information. Journalists may be subject to threats, violence, and imprisonment for reporting on sensitive issues or criticizing those in power. Threats to press freedom undermine transparency, accountability, and the public’s right to know, eroding the foundation of democratic societies.

 Torture and Inhumane Treatment

Torture and Ill-Treatment of Prisoners

Torture and ill-treatment of prisoners represent severe and deplorable human rights violations that persist in many regions worldwide. These violations occur in a variety of settings, from police custody to prisons, and they manifest in the form of physical and psychological abuse. Prisoners may endure brutal beatings, electroshock, or prolonged periods of solitary confinement, all of which contravene the absolute prohibition of torture as enshrined in international law.

Torture not only inflicts extreme physical and mental suffering on its victims but also undermines the very principles of justice and human dignity. It erodes the core values upon which human rights are built, as it strips individuals of their inherent right to be free from cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment. Torture can leave lasting scars, both physically and emotionally, leading to severe trauma that may persist long after a person’s release.

Detention of Political Prisoners

The detention of political prisoners represents another grave human rights violation. These individuals are incarcerated solely due to their political beliefs, activism, or dissenting views, with governments often employing vague or politically motivated charges to silence them. Once imprisoned, political prisoners may face harsh and inhumane conditions, including extended periods of solitary confinement, limited access to legal representation, and a lack of due process safeguards.

This form of detention undermines multiple human rights principles, including the right to freedom of thought, conscience, and association. It stifles the voices of those who seek to advocate for political change or who challenge established authorities. The arrest and imprisonment of political prisoners often serve as a warning to others who may contemplate dissent, effectively chilling free speech and activism. Furthermore, the lack of due process and legal protections erodes the principles of justice and fairness, as individuals are often subjected to arbitrary arrests and detentions without proper judicial oversight. Addressing these human rights violations requires international scrutiny, advocacy, and concerted efforts to protect the rights and dignity of all individuals, regardless of their political beliefs or activism.

Denial of the Right to Education

Lack of Access to Quality Education

The right to education is not just a fundamental human right but also a cornerstone of personal development and societal advancement. Yet, a significant portion of the global population, particularly in developing countries, is deprived of access to quality education. A range of barriers, rooted in social, economic, and political factors, contribute to this denial of a basic human right.

Poverty is a primary obstacle to education for many children worldwide. Families struggling to make ends meet often cannot afford educational expenses, including school fees, uniforms, and supplies. The opportunity cost of sending a child to school, rather than having them work to supplement the family income, is another economic challenge that many impoverished families face.

Gender-based discrimination is a pervasive barrier to education, particularly for girls. Societal norms and stereotypes often discourage the education of female children, limiting their opportunities for personal and academic growth. Gender disparities in access to education not only infringe upon the rights of girls but also perpetuate broader gender inequalities.

Inadequate infrastructure and school facilities are prevalent issues, particularly in rural or conflict-affected regions. Insufficient classrooms, lack of proper sanitation, and limited access to learning materials can undermine the quality of education and hinder students’ engagement.

Armed conflicts and humanitarian crises further disrupt access to education. Schools may be damaged, destroyed, or repurposed during conflicts, while students and teachers are forced to flee their homes. As a result, millions of children are unable to attend school, depriving them of the critical opportunities for learning, personal development, and future economic prospects.

Child Labor and Child Marriage

Child labor and child marriage represent grave violations of the rights of children and are practices that continue to persist in various parts of the world. These practices have far-reaching consequences for the children involved, depriving them of their right to a full and healthy childhood and impeding their overall well-being.

Child labor often forces children to work in hazardous conditions, where they are subjected to long hours and strenuous tasks. This not only deprives them of educational opportunities but also puts their health and safety at risk. Child labor is driven by poverty and the economic necessity of families, but it perpetuates cycles of poverty by limiting the children’s access to education and the development of valuable skills.

Child marriage, particularly in societies that practice early marriage, is another human rights violation that robs children of their childhood and education. Young girls, in particular, are often married off at an early age, forcing them into adult roles and responsibilities for which they are unprepared. This practice is driven by cultural and economic factors, further reinforcing gender disparities in society and restricting educational opportunities for girls.

Forced Displacement and Violation of Asylum Rights

Forced Displacement

Forced displacement is a dire human rights violation that occurs when individuals are compelled to leave their homes due to a range of factors, most commonly armed conflicts, persecution, or severe human rights abuses. It disrupts the lives of millions of people and often results in the loss of their homes, livelihoods, and communities. Forced displacement can take two main forms: internal displacement and external displacement.

Internal displacement, where individuals are forced to leave their homes but remain within the borders of their own country, is a widespread issue. It can be triggered by various factors, including armed conflicts, natural disasters, or the actions of oppressive regimes. Internally displaced persons (IDPs) often face similar hardships as refugees but may lack the same level of international protection and assistance.

Violation of Asylum Rights

The right to seek asylum is a fundamental human right protected by international law and conventions. Asylum seekers are individuals who have fled their home countries in search of safety and protection from persecution, violence, or other forms of harm. This right is a critical safeguard for those facing imminent danger and is vital for the protection of human rights.

However, governments in many parts of the world have violated the rights of asylum seekers in various ways. These violations include restricting access to asylum, detaining asylum seekers in poor conditions, or forcibly returning them to dangerous situations. Such actions not only infringe upon the principle of non-refoulement, which prohibits sending individuals back to a country where they may face harm, but also challenge the international commitment to protecting the rights of refugees and asylum seekers.

Restricting access to asylum can manifest as bureaucratic obstacles, excessively long processing times, or outright denial of asylum applications. Detaining asylum seekers, often in overcrowded and substandard conditions, compromises their dignity and well-being. Forcible returns, or deportations, can place individuals back in situations where their human rights are at grave risk.

These violations of asylum rights undermine the integrity of international refugee protection mechanisms and hinder the global community’s collective responsibility to provide safety and sanctuary for those in need. Addressing these violations requires adherence to international law and the strengthening of mechanisms for the protection of refugees and asylum seekers. It is essential to ensure that the human rights of individuals seeking asylum are upheld and that they are provided with the safety and protection they deserve.


Human rights violations persist in various forms and in every corner of the world. Discrimination and inequality, violations of freedom of expression, torture and inhumane treatment, denial of the right to education, and forced displacement are just a few examples of these pervasive challenges. Addressing human rights violations requires international cooperation, awareness, and advocacy to ensure that the rights and dignity of every individual are respected and protected. Upholding human rights is a collective responsibility, and it remains a crucial endeavor to promote justice, equality, and peace in the world.

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