Two Ways in Which Parents Can Raise Boys and Girls to Encourage Equal Power Relations

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  • Feb 26, 2024

Raising children in a way that promotes equal power relations between boys and girls is crucial for fostering gender equality and creating a more inclusive society. In South Africa, where traditional gender norms and stereotypes continue to influence social dynamics, parents play a vital role in shaping their children’s attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors toward gender roles and relationships. In this essay, we will explore two ways in which parents can raise boys and girls to encourage equal power relations.

Parents Can Raise Boys

1. Promoting Gender-Neutral Parenting Practices

Challenging Gender Stereotypes from an Early Age

One way parents can encourage equal power relations between boys and girls is by challenging traditional gender stereotypes and roles from an early age. This involves providing children with opportunities to explore a wide range of interests, activities, and experiences without imposing gender-specific expectations or limitations. Parents can consciously avoid gendered language, toys, and clothing choices, instead opting for more neutral options that allow children to develop their interests and talents free from societal expectations.

Facts in South Africa:

  • According to research conducted by the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC), traditional gender stereotypes and expectations continue to influence children’s perceptions of themselves and others in South Africa, contributing to unequal power dynamics and gender-based discrimination.
  • A study published in the South African Journal of Education found that children’s exposure to gender-stereotyped media and advertising perpetuates traditional notions of masculinity and femininity, limiting their ability to challenge gender norms and embrace diverse identities.
  • Organizations such as Gender Links and Sonke Gender Justice work to promote gender equality and challenge stereotypes through advocacy, education, and community engagement initiatives in South Africa.

Encouraging Gender-Neutral Roles and Responsibilities

Another aspect of promoting equal power relations between boys and girls is encouraging gender-neutral roles and responsibilities within the family. Parents can model egalitarian behaviors by sharing household chores, caregiving duties, and decision-making responsibilities in a way that reflects mutual respect and cooperation. By valuing each child’s contributions and capabilities regardless of gender, parents can instill the importance of equality and fairness in all aspects of life.

Facts in South Africa:

  • Research conducted by the University of Cape Town found that children who observe their parents sharing caregiving and household responsibilities are more likely to develop egalitarian attitudes towards gender roles and relationships.
  • According to a report by UN Women South Africa, women continue to bear the majority of caregiving and domestic work responsibilities in South African households, contributing to unequal power dynamics and gender disparities in labor force participation and economic opportunities.
  • Initiatives such as the MenCare campaign, led by the Sonke Gender Justice organization, promote men’s involvement in caregiving and domestic work and challenge traditional notions of masculinity and femininity in South Africa.

2. Fostering Open Communication and Critical Thinking

Another way parents can raise boys and girls to encourage equal power relations is by fostering open communication about gender equality, consent, and respect for others. Parents can initiate age-appropriate discussions with their children about topics such as consent, boundaries, gender stereotypes, and healthy relationships, emphasizing the importance of mutual respect, empathy, and understanding in all interactions. By providing children with the knowledge and skills to critically evaluate societal norms and expectations, parents can empower them to challenge inequality and discrimination in their own lives and communities.

Facts in South Africa:

  • According to research conducted by Gender Links, a significant proportion of South African women report experiencing gender-based violence and harassment in their lifetime, highlighting the urgent need for education and awareness-raising efforts to promote consent and respect for others.
  • The Department of Basic Education in South Africa has implemented comprehensive sexuality education programs in schools to promote gender equality, sexual health, and reproductive rights among young people, aiming to empower them with the knowledge and skills to make informed choices and navigate relationships safely and respectfully.
  • Organizations such as the Soul City Institute for Social Justice and the Teddy Bear Clinic provide resources, workshops, and support services to educate children and families about gender-based violence prevention, consent education, and healthy relationship dynamics in South Africa.

Modeling Respectful and Empathetic Behavior

In addition to open communication, parents can model respectful and empathetic behavior in their interactions with each other and with their children. By demonstrating empathy, active listening, and non-violent conflict resolution skills, parents can teach children the importance of treating others with kindness, compassion, and dignity. Modeling egalitarian attitudes and behaviors in everyday life helps children internalize the values of equality and respect, shaping their attitudes and behaviors towards gender relations in the future.

Facts in South Africa:

  • Research conducted by the South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC) found that exposure to violence and aggression in the home can have long-term negative effects on children’s mental health and well-being, highlighting the importance of promoting positive and respectful family dynamics.
  • According to a report by UNICEF South Africa, children who witness respectful and non-violent interactions between their parents are more likely to develop healthy relationship skills and attitudes towards gender equality in adulthood.
  • Programs such as Parents Matter, implemented by the South African National AIDS Council (SANAC), provide parenting support and resources to promote positive parenting practices, healthy family relationships, and child well-being in South Africa.


In conclusion, promoting equal power relations between boys and girls requires a concerted effort from parents to challenge traditional gender stereotypes, foster open communication, and model respectful behavior. By promoting gender-neutral parenting practices, encouraging dialogue about gender equality and consent, and modeling respectful and empathetic behavior, parents can empower their children to challenge inequality and discrimination and contribute to building a more inclusive and equitable society in South Africa. Through education, advocacy, and community engagement, parents can play a critical role in shaping the attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors of the next generation, paving the way for a future where boys and girls are valued equally and treated with dignity and respect.

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